Adult CPR

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9 min 57 sec
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Performing Adult CPR: Vital Steps and Guidelines

1. Checking for Responsiveness

Initiate Adult CPR by assessing patient responsiveness:

  • Attempt to rouse the patient.
  • If unresponsive, proceed immediately.

2. Contacting Emergency Services

Call for professional assistance:

  • Contact the emergency services without delay.

3. Assessing Breathing

Evaluate the patient's breathing:

  • Check for breathing for up to 10 seconds.
  • Ensure a clear airway.

4. Chest Compressions

Perform effective chest compressions:

  • Administer 30 compressions in the chest's centre.
  • Maintain a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute.
  • Reach a compression depth of 5 to 6 cm.
  • Ensure even speed on both compression and release.
  • Compressions should follow a regular interval.

5. Rescue Breaths

Provide essential rescue breaths:

  • Open the airway using the head tilt and chin lift technique.
  • Squeeze the soft part of the nose.
  • Seal your mouth around the victim's and deliver a gentle breath for approximately one second or until chest rise is observed.

6. Compressions to Breaths Cycle

Repeat the cycle of compressions and breaths:

  • Continue until an AED (Automated External Defibrillator) or the emergency services arrive.
  • Minimize the pause between compressions and breaths, allowing a maximum of a 10-second break in compression.
  • Ensure a continuous supply of oxygen-rich blood circulation.

7. Latest CPR Guidelines

Stay updated with the latest CPR guidelines:

  • The current guidelines are based on the 2021 UK and European Resuscitation Council guidelines.
  • The next scheduled update is planned for October 2025.
Learning Outcomes:
  • IPOSi Unit four LO3.1, 3.2 & 3.3
  • IPOSi Unit two LO1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 2.1, 2.2 & 2.3