Child AED

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Administering AED to Children: A Comprehensive Guide

Introduction to AED in Pediatric Emergencies

Understanding the nuances of administering AED (Automatic External Defibrillator) to children is critical. This guide provides essential information on effective AED use for children in cardiac arrest situations.

The Chain of Survival

The AED forms the third link in the chain of survival and, with appropriate training, can be operated by a first aider. AEDs are often accessible in public spaces like airports and are also provided by emergency medical services (EMS) and community responders.

Applying AED to Children

  • Pad Placement: For children, place one pad on the chest and the other on the back between the shoulder blades.
  • Removing Clothing: Ensure the child's clothing is removed for effective pad adhesion to the skin.
  • Child-specific Pads: Whenever possible, use child-specific AED pads. In their absence, adult pads may be used.

Considerations for Using Adult AED Pads on Children

Adult AED pads can be used on children, but be aware that the AED may apply an adult algorithm. This could impact the efficacy of the shock delivered due to the difference in size and physiology between adults and children.

Handling Infants in Cardiac Arrest

For infants in cardiac arrest, specific infant AED pads are not available. In such cases, continue administering CPR until medical services arrive.


While AEDs are less often successful in pediatric cases, especially for conditions like VF (Ventricular Fibrillation), knowing how to properly use them in emergencies involving children can be life-saving. Awareness and training are key to preparing for these critical situations.

Learning Outcomes:
  • IPOSi Unit two LO1.5 & 2.4